Bosphorus Strait, the Sea of Marmara and Dardanelles Strait form the only waterway that separates continents of Asia and Europe.
Consequently, tens of thousands ships and tankers pass through Sea of Marmara and Bosphorus Strait in transit or non-transit manner year-long while naval vessels such as passenger ferries, fishing boats, private yachts also have an effect on the traffic along this waterway.
Wastes generated during cruising of naval vessels such as bilge, water in slop tanks, sludge, dirty ballast as well as domestic wastewater and solid waste, are present in these waters.
There are several regulations in order to prevent the pollution of seas in our Country, due to these wastes.
As is known, MARPOL 73/78 (The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships) is the latest and most comprehensive international convention and our Country acceded to MARPOL 73/78 on June 24, 1990. The convention we acceded as a country includes six (6) Appendixes titled Appx-I, Appx-II, Appx-III, Appx-IV, Appx-V and Appx-VI.
Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning has bestowed the authority to monitor pollution and issue fines within Bosphorus and relevant naval borders to our Municipality.
In this context, our Directorate of Marine Services under Department of Environment Protection and Development fulfill this monitoring duty with 3 surveying boats, 1 sea plane, 5 drones and about 50 personnel, within the naval borders of Istanbul.
If the discharge of any kind of petroleum product, dirty ballast water, wastewater etc. is detected from a ship, relevant samples are taken and sent to lab. In the event that the samples are found to be polluted, necessary criminal action is taken.